Your roof is very important to the look and character of your home. Roofs, aside from covering your home and looking good, can create more living space, make your home safer and more resilient to adverse weather, and help your family save money by being more energy-efficient.
Down below we have a breakdown of some roof types to help you determine which you need for your own home if you are thinking of renovating.
1. Gable Roof
Gable roofs are also known as pitched or peaked roofs. They are among some of the most coveted roofs in the US.
A gable roof can be recognized by the triangle shape. They shed water quite easily and can easily make space for attics or vaulted ceilings. They also have a simple design which makes building them much easier than the more complex roof types.
However, the way they are put together can make them troublesome in high wind and hurricanes. Constructing them incorrectly can also lead them to collapse.
2. Hip Roof
Hip roofs are characterized by having slopes on all sides. The sides are equal in length and join at the top to create a ridge. They are more stable than traditional gable roofs, as the slope inward from each side makes them more resistant.
The way they are constructed makes them great for withstanding snow and high winds. Partly because of their slant, snow will slide off easily.
Of course, these benefits do come at a cost, and they prove to be more expensive than building a gable roof. They also have more complicated designs that require more materials to build.
3. Mansard Roof
Mansun roofs, or otherwise known as the French roofs, are four-sided with styling that includes a double slope on every side. They are sloped together in a low pitch.
However, the lower slope has a steeper gradient than the upper slope. The sides of a Mansard roof maybe also be flat or curved, depending on how their construction is wanted.
This roof type can make plenty of extra space at the top of your home. Space can often be used as an attic or alternative living quarters. These quarters are known as a garret and have become very popular among homeowners.
Mansard Roofs provide the flexibility to make alterations to the home in the future.
When creating a home, money can be saved by starting with a Mansard roof and then enacting a conversion at a later date. The problem with the Mansard roof is that the low pitched area is not good for places with a lot of snowfall.
4. Gambrel Roof
Gambrel roofs, otherwise known as the barn roof, has similarities to a Mansard in that it includes two slopes. The difference between the two moving types is that the Gambrel is built with just two sides and the Mansard with four.
The Gambrel’s roof, on the lower side, has a slope that is almost vertical and then another slope that is much lower. Gambrels can be seen on many barns and farmhouses, but other places also.
They are commonplace on Georgian style homes and colonial residences. As you might imagine, the similarities to a Mansard roof makes them great for extra living space in the attic.
They use but two roof beams and gusset joints to hold them up, meaning the construction is very easy and there is little material needed to build them. They are very good for creating more space for storage but are not a recommended roof type for places that receive a lot of snowfall or heavy wind.
5. Flat Roof
Flat roofs are pitched only slightly, just enough to let the water run off and drain properly.
You can find flat roofs often on commercial or industrial buildings. They may also be built on top of residential homes. Because of their flattened design, they can be used for plenty of living space on roofs, allowing for gardens and patios or even a penthouse room on top of the home.
Flat roofs can also be used to house heating units, which will keep them out of eyeshot. This is seen very much on commercial roofing. The flat design also makes them much quicker to construct with less building materials needed.
However, despite them having slight pitching, they are still very susceptible to water leaking, and thus do not do well in places with a lot of rainfall or snow.
6. Skillion Roof
Skillion roofs are also known as shed roofs. The design is one of a single sloping roof built onto the side of a taller wall. They are known as half-pitched roofs and are utilized mostly for adding to homes, sheds, and porches.
Some of them, however, are being used as part of the entire structure for modern homes. They are simple to put together and do not need a lot of building materials.
Because of the steepness, snow and water are not an issue, which makes them ideal for heavy rain and precipitation. They may also be used just to add flair to roof design and can make homes look exceptionally good.
However, these types of roofs can make the low ceilings if the pitch is too steep. They can also be susceptible to high winds.
7. Jerkinhead Roof
Jerkinhead Roofs combine both Gable and Hip roofs. They may be looked at as hipped roofs with two short sides. They can also be known as English hip roofs.
The hipped ends make them more stable than your standard gable roof. This is because the hipping, otherwise known as turning the point downwards, makes them more sturdy and able to resist wind damage.
However, because of the design, they cost more to build too.
Choosing The Correct Roof Types
When picking out what roof design you want for your home, you need to look at what roofing is good for the area you live in.
Of course, taking into account the weather and wind present in the area you live can have a big impact on which roof types you can go for.
After that, it is a choice of looking at whether you need more space or you want a home that is eco-friendly. After this take a look at the style. As long as you remember these factors, you’ll be able to create a home that looks fantastic while being appropriate.
If you are planning to shingle or re-shingle your roof, there are various issues you should think about. And although you can do these yourself, hiring a professional is very much recommended!